December 10, 2018
Canada and more than 160 countries adopt historic agreement to address migration
Canada announced it adopted the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM), the first global framework on all aspects of international migration. The compact sets out 23 objectives for improving international cooperation on all forms of migration, from refugees to skilled workers. More than 160 United Nations member states are adopting the newly negotiated agreement on international migration Monday.
The Honourable Ahmed Hussen, Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, made the announcement at the Intergovernmental Conference to Adopt the Compact in Marrakech, Morocco. “Comprehensive national migration systems can help drive innovation, economic growth, and social stability. Our government believes that this Global Compact is not only an effective way to address the challenges that migration can bring, but is also an opportunity for nations to harness the contributions of newcomers and to ensure their successful integration into new countries” said the Minister.
The GMC states that its purpose is to emphasize the “positive impacts” of migration, which it calls “a source of prosperity, innovation and sustainable development in our globalized world”. Migrant and refugee flows are a growing phenomenon around the world. According to the United Nations, there are currently about 258 million people on the move. Of these, 68.5 million are forcibly displaced people – including refugees and asylum seekers – who are forced to flee their homes in search of new ones due to violence, discrimination and war.
Objectives for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration:
- Collect and utilize accurate and disaggregated data as a basis for evidence-based policies.
- Minimize the adverse drivers and structural factors that compel people to leave their country of origin.
- Provide accurate and timely information at all stages of migration.
- Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation.
- Enhance availability and flexibility of pathways for regular migration.
- Facilitate fair and ethical recruitment and safeguard conditions that ensure decent work.
- Address and reduce vulnerabilities in migration.
- Save lives and establish coordinated international efforts on missing migrants.
- Strengthen the transnational response to smuggling of migrants.
- Prevent, combat and eradicate trafficking in persons in the context of international migration.
- Manage borders in an integrated, secure and coordinated manner.
- Strengthen certainty and predictability in migration procedures for appropriate screening, assessment and referral.
- Use migration detention only as a measure of last resort and work towards alternatives.
- Enhance consular protection, assistance and cooperation throughout the migration cycle.
- Provide access to basic services for migrants.
- Empower migrants and societies to realize full inclusion and social cohesion.
- Eliminate all forms of discrimination and promote evidence-based public discourse to shape perceptions of migration.
- Invest in skills development and facilitate mutual recognition of skills, qualifications and competences.
- Create conditions for migrants and diasporas to fully contribute to sustainable development in all countries.
- Promote faster, safer and cheaper transfer of remittances and foster financial inclusion of migrants.
- Cooperate in facilitating safe and dignified return and readmission, as well as sustainable reintegration.
- Establish mechanisms for the portability of social security entitlements and earned benefits.
- Strengthen international cooperation and global partnerships for safe, orderly and regular migration.